Operation Lumberjack - Wikipedia. Operation Lumberjack was a military operation with the goal to capture the west bank of the Rhine River and seize key German cities near the end of World War II. The First United States Army launched the operation in March 1. Germany and to give the Allies a foothold along the Rhine. One unexpected outcome was the capture of the Ludendorff bridge, a strategic railroad bridge across the Rhine, in the Battle of Remagen. Despite German attempts to destroy the bridge, Allied forces captured it intact and were able to use it for ten days to establish a beachhead on the far side before it finally collapsed at 3: 0.
PM on 1. 7 March 1. Background. With the 2. Army Group firmly established along the Rhine, Bradley's 1. Army Group prepared to execute Operation Lumberjack. General Omar Bradley's plan called for the U. S. First Army to attack southeastward toward the juncture of the Ahr and Rhine Rivers and then swing south to meet Patton, whose U. Third Army would simultaneously drive northeastward through the Eifel.
If successful, Lumberjack would capture Cologne, secure the Koblenz sector, and bring the 1. Army Group to the Rhine in the entire area north of the Moselle River. The 1. 2th Army Group also hoped to bag a large number of Germans. Following Lumberjack, the Allies had planned for a pause along the Rhine while Montgomery's 2. Army Group began Operation Plunder, a large, carefully planned movement across the Rhine near D.
Si pensa che il nome dell'operazione sia stato scelto da Winston Churchill, che tuttavia gli era contrario e sosteneva di essere stato costretto.
Montgomery would then capture the Ruhr, the industrial heartland of Germany. First Army controlled the III, V, and VII Corps. III Corps had the 9th Armored Division and the 1st, 9th, and 7. Infantry Divisions attached. V Corps had attached the 2nd, 2.
Infantry Divisions attached as well as the 7th Armored Division, although the 7th was not committed to the operation and had transferred to the III Corps by March 7. The VII Corps controlled the 3rd Armored Division and the 8th, 9. Infantry Divisions. Army's 9th Armored Division was tasked with mopping up elements of the German Army trapped on the west bank of the Rhine and to prevent a counterattack against the Ninth Army's flank. They were to secure the region between Mosel and the Duren- Cologne and to destroy the German army's capability to fight in that area. The First Army was to seize the entire region west of the Rhine. After capturing Cologne, the First Army was to wheel southeast and join up with Patton's Third Army.
Patton was supposed to capture the Eifel Mountains and then the Mosel Valley, trapping the remainder of the German Seventh Army in the Eifel area. Their only escape route was across the Ludendorff bridge. Written permission was required to destroy the bridge because on 1. Hitler was angered by this incident and ordered those .
He also ordered that demolition explosives should not be laid in place until the very last moment, when the Allies were within 5 miles (8. In the north, the First Army rapidly exploited bridgeheads over the Erft River, entering Euskirchen on 4 March and Cologne on the fifth. Army control by the 7th.
Operazione Blu (in tedesco: Fall Blau) era il nome in codice assegnato dalla Wehrmacht tedesca alla grande offensiva estiva del 1942 sul fronte orientale. His repertoire included the important leading classical roles such as Romeo in “Romeo and Juliet” (Cranko, Stevenson, Lifar), Siegfried in “Swan Lake” (Cranko. Operation Lumberjack was a military operation with the goal to capture the west bank of the Rhine River and seize key German cities near the end of World War II.
The First Army then pushed towards the Ahr River valley, the likely point of retreat for what was left of the German Army's LXVI and LXVII Korps. Third Army met some resistance along the Siegfried Line and the Prum and Kyll Rivers. On 4 March at Bitburg, the 5th Infantry Division cut through the German lines. Taking advantage of the breach, the Fourth Armored Division struck out on a 4. Rhine in less than five days. While losing only 1. Germans 5,7. 00 killed and wounded.
The Fourth Armored barely missed the chance to capture a bridge at Urmetz. Armored Division on the right flank of the First Army had moved swiftly towards the Rhine. The closer the division got to the Rhine, the more quickly it advanced. The speed of their movement towards the Rhine surprised the Germans. Army's 9th Armored Division. Combat Command B, 9th Armored Engineer Battalion reached the river, they were very surprised to see that the railroad bridge was still standing.
The Rhine was the last natural line of defense that the Germans hoped could be used to substantially resist the Western Allied advance. Up to this point, prior crossings had been limited to small infantry reconnaissance patrols by boat.
When word that the bridge was still standing reached General William Hoge, commander of Combat Command B, he ordered the 2. Remagen with support from the 1. Tank Battalion. After German demolition charges failed to destroy the bridge, the U. S. The Allies were able to get six divisions across the Rhine before the Ludendorff Bridge collapsed ten days after it was captured on 1. March. Twenty five soldiers were killed or went missing and three died later from injuries; 6. However, the bridge towers remain and in 1.
The Allies destroyed four corps of the German 1. Armies. The capture of the bridge at Remagen was an unexpected bonus that advanced the timetable for crossing the Rhine. It broke the front along the Rhine. Remagen should have been considered a basis for termination of the war. Remagen created a dangerous and unpleasant abscess within the last German defenses, and it provided an ideal springboard for the coming offensive east of the Rhine.
The Remagen bridgehead made the other crossing of the Rhine a much easier task for the enemy. Furthermore, it tired German forces which should have been resting to withstand the next major assault. Foreign volunteers of the allied forces : 1. World War II in Europe : an encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publications.
Retrieved 1. 7 November 2. Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1. Retrieved 2. 9 November 2. D- day to Victory: With the Men and Machines that Won the War. Long Island City, NY: Osprey Publishing. Retrieved 2. 5 November 2. Archived from the original on February 2.
Retrieved 1. 9 November 2. Retrieved 1. 3 December 2. Military History Online.
Militaryhistoryonline. Retrieved September 1. Retrieved June 3, 2. Retrieved July 2. Sarasota- Herald Tribune. Crusade in Europe (April 1.
Archived from the original on June 1. Retrieved March 7, 2. Mac. Donald A Rhine Bridge at Remagen p.
Killed/9. 3 injured^Peace Museum Bridge at Remagen Website of the museum. Retrieved July 2. Congressional Record Volume 1. Number 4. 2. Retrieved 9 December 2. Eisenhower's chief of staff, his alter ego, General Walter Bedell Smith, termed the Remagan Bridge worth its weight in gold.