Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search. 1.1 Etymology; 1.2 Pronunciation; 1.3 Noun. 1.3.1 Synonyms; 1.3.2 Related terms; English. Landed gentry is a largely historical British social class consisting of land owners who could live entirely from rental income. It was distinct from, and socially 'below', the aristocracy or peerage, although in fact some of. Gentry denotes 'well-born and well-bred people' of high social class. In its widest connotation, it refers to people of good social position connected to landed estates, upper levels of the clergy, and 'gentle. Gentry definition, wellborn and well-bred people. Dictionary.com; Word of the Day; Translate; Games; Blog; Thesaurus.com; Favorites Dictionary.com; Thesaurus.com; My Account; Log Out; Log In; Try Our Apps definitions.
Landed gentry - Wikipedia. Landed gentry is a largely historical British social class consisting of land owners who could live entirely from rental income. It was distinct from, and socially . They often worked as administrators of their own lands, while others became public, political and armed forces figures.
The decline of this privileged class largely stemmed from the 1. The designation .
Similar or analogous social systems of landed gentry also sprang up in countries that maintained a colonial system; the term is employed in many British colonies such as the Colony of Virginia and some parts of India. By the late 1. 9th century, the term was also applied to peers such as the Duke of Westminster who lived on landed estates. The book series Burke's Landed Gentry recorded the members of this class. Successful burghers often used their accumulated wealth to buy country estates, with the aim of establishing themselves as landed gentry. Groupings. Holders have the right to be addressed as . After the Middle Ages the title of Esquire - .
Generally men of high birth or rank, good social standing, and wealth, who did not need to work for a living, were considered gentlemen. Origin of the term. Once identical, eventually these terms.
The historical term gentry by itself, so Peter Coss argues, is a construct that historians have applied loosely to rather different societies. Any particular model may not fit a specific society, yet a single definition nevertheless remains desirable.
The most stable and respected form of wealth has historically been land, and great prestige and political qualifications were (and to a lesser extent still are) attached to land ownership. Development. It was an informal designation: one belonged to the landed gentry if other members of that class accepted one as such. A newly rich man who wished his family to join the gentry (and they nearly all did so wish), was expected not only to buy a country house and estate, but also to sever all financial ties with the business which had made him wealthy in order to cleanse his family of the . However, during the 1.
Industrial Revolution became more and more numerous and politically powerful, this expectation was gradually relaxed. From the late 1. 6th- century, the gentry emerged as the class most closely involved in politics, the military and law.
Synonyms for gentry in Free Thesaurus. 26 synonyms for gentry: nobility, lords, elite, nobles, upper class, aristocracy, peerage, ruling class, patricians, upper crust, gentility, gentlefolk. Hard rocking, country loving, badass duo. Download 'Folks Like Us' on iTunes now.
The Gentry is a group of powerful beings led by The Empty Hand with the mission to make the Multiverse mirror their horror. They hail from a place outside of the Multiverse, said to be the 'opposite of everything. Principal Translations: English: Spanish: gentry n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. The Gentry School Board's regular meeting occurs the third Monday of each month and is held at the Pioneer Activities Center at 1159 Pioneer Lane. The meeting begins at 7:00 p.m. The public is invited to attend. Subscribe to the Gentry newsletter to receive exclusive shop news, announcements and updates.
It provided the bulk of Members of Parliament, with many gentry families maintaining political control in a certain locality over several generations (see List of political families in the United Kingdom). Owning land was a prerequisite for suffrage (the civil right to vote) in county constituencies until the Reform Act 1.
Parliament was largely in the hands of the landowning class. Members of the landed gentry were upper class (not middle class); this was a highly prestigious status. Particular prestige was attached to those who inherited landed estates over a number of generations. These are often described as being from . Titles are often considered central to the upper class, but this is certainly not universally the case. For example, both Captain Mark Phillips and Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence, the first and second husbands of HRH The Princess Anne, lacked any rank of peerage, yet could scarcely be considered anything other than upper class. The agricultural sector's middle class, on the other hand, comprise the larger tenant farmers, who rent land from the landowners, and yeoman farmers, who were defined as .
He is sometimes described as a small landowner, a farmer of the middle classes. Younger sons, who could not expect to inherit the family estate, were instead urged into professions of state service. It became a pattern in many families that while the eldest son would inherit the estate and enter politics, the second son would join the army, the third son go into law, and the fourth son join the church.
However, this popular usage of 'nobility' omits the distinction between titled and untitled nobility. The titled nobility in Britain are the peers of the realm, whereas the untitled nobility comprise those here described as gentry. As well as listing genealogical information, these books often also included details of the right of a given family to a coat of arms.
They were comparable to the Almanach de Gotha in continental Europe. Jane Austen, who was herself a member of the gentry, shrewdly summarised the appeal of these works, which was particularly strong for those included in them, in the opening words of her novel Persuasion: Sir Walter Elliot, of Kellynch Hall, in Somersetshire, was a man who, for his own amusement, never took up any book but the Baronetage; there he found occupation for an idle hour, and consolation in a distressed one; there his faculties were roused into admiration and respect, by contemplating the limited remnant of the earliest patents; there any unwelcome sensations, arising from domestic affairs changed naturally into pity and contempt as he turned over the almost endless creations of the last century; and there, if every other leaf were powerless, he could read his own history with an interest which never failed. Equally wryly, Oscar Wilde referred to the Peerage as . This was published in four volumes 1. Now it has lowered the property qualification to 2. British families whose pedigrees have been .
Their estates are mere street addresses, like that of the Molineux- Montgomeries, formerly of Garboldisham Old Hall, now of No. Malton Avenue, Haworth. A new series, under new owners, was begun in 2.
Burke's Landed Gentry; The Kingdom in Scotland. However, these volumes no longer limit themselves to people with any connection, ancestral or otherwise, with land, and they contain much less information, particularly on family history, than the 1.
The popularity of Burke's Landed Gentry gave currency to the expression Landed Gentry as a description of the untitled upper classes in England (although the book also included families in Wales, Scotland and Ireland, where, however, social structures were rather different). An alternate name was employed by the publishers of a similar, though less genealogical, series, known as Walford's County Families, wherein the term county family referred more or less to the same people Burke covered by the term, landed gentry.
They were also known as the upper ten thousand. Families were arranged in alphabetical order by surname, and each family article was headed with the surname and the name of their landed property, e. There was then a paragraph on the owner of the property, with his coat of arms illustrated, and all his children and remoter male- line descendants also listed, each with full names and details of birth, marriage, death, and any matters tending to enhance their social prestige, such as school and university education, military rank and regiment, Church of England cures held, and other honours and socially approved involvements. Cross references were included to other families in Burke's Landed Gentry or in Burke's Peerage and Baronetage: thus encouraging browsing through connections. Professional details were not usually mentioned unless they conferred some social status, such as those of civil service and colonial officials, judges and barristers. After the section dealing with the current owner of the property, there usually appeared a section entitled Lineage which listed, not only ancestors of the owner, but (so far as known) every male- line descendant of those ancestors, thus including many people in the ranks of the . Many estates were sold or broken up, and this trend was accelerated by the introduction of protection for agricultural tenancies, encouraging outright sales, from the mid- 2.
So devastating was this for the ranks formerly identified as being of the landed gentry that Burke's Landed Gentry began, in the 2. The focus of those who remained in this class shifted from the lands or estates themselves, to the stately home or . Many of these buildings were purchased for the nation and preserved as monuments to the lifestyles of their former owners (who sometimes remained in part of the house as lessees or tenants) by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. The National Trust, which had originally concentrated on open landscapes rather than buildings, accelerated its country house acquisition programme during and after the Second World War, partly because of the widespread destruction of country houses in the 2.
Those who retained their property usually had to supplement their incomes from sources other than the land, sometimes by opening their properties to the public. In the 2. 1st century, the term . Moreover, the deference which was once automatically given to members of this class by most British people has almost completely dissipated as its wealth, political power and social influence has declined, and other social figures such as celebrities have grown to take their place in the public's interest. See also. 4. 05 under the heading . Stanford University Press, 1.
Page 2. 30). Retrieved 7 April 2. Cambridge University Press 0. The Origins of the English Gentry Peter Coss^See The Concise Oxford Dictionary, edited by H.
W. 1. 51. 6; note the definition does not apply to 1. English Genealogy, Oxford, 1. March 2. 01. 2 .^Cannadine, David (1. The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy. Retrieved 1. 4 January 2.
Gentry - Wikimedia Commons. Gentry denotes . In its widest connotation, it refers to people of good social position connected to landed estates, upper levels of the clergy, and .